The government intervened with different goals for all citizens.
During the Reconstruction era the government was involved in many different ways. The government passed three important amendments, set up federal presence in the south, and most importantly enacted The Enforcement Acts. During World War I, the government helped recruit soldiers for the military. This involvement was harsh on families. Throughout the Great Depression, the federal government controlled the supply of money. This control messed up the entire economy.
The Reconstruction was a time where citizens sought to rebuild the South. It was a difficult challenge. The federal government, for the first time, began to protect basic rights of American citizens. The Enforcement Act was passed, also known as the Civil Rights Act. This act consisted of three bills passed in order to protect African American Rights to vote, hold office, serve in juries and receive equal protection. These laws allowed the government to intervene if the states unsuccessfully acted. The first act helped citizens vote without force or bribery on their voting decision. The government would use the army if this act was not followed. In the second act, elections were put under control over the government. The third act was called the Ku Klux Klan Act. This act threatened the rights of newly freed slaves. It interfered with their political and economic rights.
In WWI the government was in need of military soldiers.
More soldiers were needed in order to gain victory against Germany. Posters were posted everywhere to persuade citizens to join the army. Upon entering World War I, President Wilson wanted an army of 1 million men. The United States army only consisted of 100,000 soldiers. The federal government passed an act called The Selective Service Act. This act required all men between 21 and 30 years of age to join the military. After this act was passed, there were millions of men registering for military service. The law forced men to join the war and those who refused to join were sent to prison. Unfortunately, several men and families were not happy about this law. This law allowed the federal government to expand their army.
The Great Depression was a time of sadness due to loss of money. Several Americans were broke and living in depression. The government allowed for money supply to decrease quickly. The intervention of the federal government is to blame for the Great Depression. Many citizens lost their money because banks all over the world were failing. People tried to withdraw their money but were often unsuccessful. People could not deposit insurance at the time. If the banks failed, citizens would automatically lose their money. Not only did citizens suffer from this economic crisis, but so did companies and businesses. The failure of banks led citizens to be faced with many economical problems.
In conclusion, the government involvement during the Reconstruction, World War I, and The Great Depression caused many ups and downs. The government sometimes made great involvement during these eras. It helped African American citizens gain protection and rights. The government sometimes failed and disappointed Americans, but these failures helped established a future for government involvement. Government intervention is much needed in an economy. Unfortunately, there’s good and bad when the government gets involved in the economy, but it can provide enforcement of rules and protection of rights.